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AVOCA STREET MEDICAL CENTRE
 
130 Avoca Street Randwick NSW 2031
Tel: 02 9399 3335 - Fax: 02 9399 9778

avocastreet.com - asmc.net.au - randwickhealth.com - randwickgp.com - familydoctor.sydney

SURGERY HOURS

MON - THU8 AM - 6 PM
FRI8 AM - 3 PM
SAT9 AM - 12 PM
SUN & PUBLIC HOLIDAYSCLOSED

Sorry. We are CLOSED

Reopening 8 AM Thursday 20/12/2018

For services after hours please call 13 74 25

Business Hours During Holiday Season

24/12/20188AM 3PM
25/12/2018CHRISTMASCLOSED
26/12/2018BOXING DAYCLOSED
27/12/20188AM 3PM
28/12/20188AM 12PM
29/12/20189AM 12PM
30/12/2018SUNDAYCLOSED
31/12/20188AM 3PM
01/01/2019NEW YEAR'S DAYCLOSED
02/01/20198AM 3PM
03/01/20198AM 3PM
04/01/20198AM 12PM
05/01/20199AM 12PM

NOTICES

Dr Angela will be away
20/01/2019 - 28/01/2019
Dr Kien will be away
04/02/2019 - 10/02/2019
Dr Mandy will be away
24/12/2018 - 09/01/2019

GENERAL PRACTITIONERS

Dr. Angela Georgopoulos

Dr. Kien Cao-Xuan

Dr. Mandy Chuang

Dr. Priscilla Wong

 

General Information
 

Iodine Facts

Iodine is an essential trace element and an integral component of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones are required for normal growth and development of tissues and maturation of our bodies. Iodine deficiency is the most common preventable cause of mental retardation in the world; obtaining iodine through the food supply is therefore paramount. Iodine deficiency has re-emerged in Australia with the introduction of new practices of sanitization in the dairy industry and a decline in use and consumption of iodised salt.

Iodine Deficiency
Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) refer to a number of disorders whereby iodine deficiency has an effect on growth and development. Such IDD include:

Goiter: Very low levels of iodine intake (50g/day) are associated with goiter, which presents as an enlarged thyroid gland. Other symptoms include dry skin, fatigue and hair loss.

Cretinism: Severe iodine deficiency (30g/day) during pregnancy can lead to cretinism in infants. This syndrome is characterized by mental deficiency, Spastic Diplegia, deaf mutism and shortened stature.

Food sources of Iodine
Sources of iodine include seafood, iodised table salt and bread.

The iodine content of plants and vegetables is dependent on the environment and soil in which they are grown.

Marine sources: marine foods, including regular fish (e.g. tinned salmon) and shell fish (e.g. oysters) are the best sources of iodine.

Dairy: historically, dairy foods contained high levels of iodine due to the sanitisers used in dairy processing which contained iodophors. These sanitisation techniques have been phased out of the processes now involved in sterilisation of dairy equipment. As a result, dairy today has reduced levels of iodine and is a less reliable iodine source.

Salt: In Australia, iodide fortified salt contains high levels of iodine. However, use of iodised salt has been reduced due to increased awareness of the association between high salt consumption and hypertension.

Bread: As of October 2009, Australian bakers are required to replace regular salt with iodised salt in the baking of bread. Prepackaged breads must list iodised salt as an ingredient on product labels, however, unpackaged bread does not require such labelling. Bakers are required to provide information regarding the use of iodised salt to customers on request.

Supplementation: Pregnant and breast feeding women may require iodine supplementation, though consultation with a doctor is recommended before commencing a supplementation program.

Table 1. Iodine content of common foods:
FoodIodine content (g per 100g)
Oysters160
Sushi (containing seaweed)92
Tinned salmon60
Bread (made with iodised salt)46
Steamed snapper40
Cheddar cheese23
Eggs22
Ice cream21
Chocolate milk20
Flavoured Yoghurt16
Regular milk13
Tinned tuna10
Bread (without iodised salt)3
Beef, pork, lamb<1.5
Tap water (varies depending on site)0.5-20.0
Apples, oranges, grapes, bananas<0.5


Table 2: Iodine recommendations in Australia and New Zealand
Age and GenderRecommended daily intake
1-8yrs boys and girls90g/day
9-13yrs boys and girls120 g/day
14-18yrs boys and girls150g/day
19->70yrs men150g/day
19->70yrs women150g/day
Pregnancy220g/day
Lactation270 g/day


Source : nutritionaustralia.org


The information in the above were collected from the internet,
either from government websites or from reasonably reliable health information sources.
They are for general information only and should not replace the need of seeking medical care during illnesses.


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